Solar panels are devices that convert light into electricity. They are called “solar” panels because most of the time, the most powerful source of light available is the Sun, called Sol by astronomers. Some scientists call them photovoltaics which means, basically, “light-electricity.”
A solar panel is a collection of solar cells. Lots of small solar cells spread over a large area can work together to provide enough power to be useful. The more light that hits a cell, the more electricity it produces, so spacecraft are usually designed with solar panels that can always be pointed at the Sun even as the rest of the body of the spacecraft moves around, much as a tank turret can be aimed independently of where the tank is going.
What Type of Solar Panel you will need?
There are three main types of solar panels: Monocrystalline silicon solar panels, polycrystalline silicon solar panels, and thin-film solar cells. They are arranged in decreasing order from efficiency of the panels and cost.
Solar Panel Installation
After research, have contacted a reputable solar installer like EPC Solar Space, and are ready for installation. What’s involved? And how soon will you start to notice your return on investment? and how soon will you start to notice your return on investment?
Let’s start by talking about what really happens when you install solar panels in your home, and how they convert sunlight into energy. First, solar panels convert sunlight to DC current. An inverter (part of your solar power system that converts stored energy into voltage needed to run standard electrical equipment) converts this DC electricity to AC. Your home takes the energy it needs based on the number of electrical units requiring energy.
If your residential solar system is also connected to the grid, any extra , unused electricity, is fed back to the grid (or to a battery, if you have a battery backup). In cases like this, you are typically eligible for something called net metering. This is essentially a credit that is given to your energy account from the utility company. When you draw energy from the grid (because you no longer have enough solar energy to consume), net metering compensates for the amount of energy you gave the grid. In essence, it’s possible to come out with a zero balance because what you put into the grid (from your solar panels) is roughly the same amount that you took from the grid (e.g., during nighttime).
Different Types of Solar Plant System
- On Grid Solar Power Plant
- Off Grid Solar Power Plant
- Hybrid Solar Power Plant
On-grid or grid-tie solar systems are by far the most common and widely used by homes and businesses. These systems do not need batteries and use common solar inverters and are connected to the public electricity grid. Any excess solar power that you generate is exported to the electricity grid and you usually get paid a feed-in-tariff] (FiT) or credits for the energy you export.
On-grid solar systems are very cost-effective and easy to install.Businesses can recoup the cost of their investment by offsetting electricity bills in just 3-8 years.If a private, commercial or industrial building sets up a solar PV rooftop system it will be eligible to avail an ‘Accelerated Depreciation Benefit’ which is currently 80% in a year. At this rate, businesses can completely the whole value of the project in approximately 4 years..
An off-grid system is not connected to the electricity grid and therefore requires battery storage. An off-grid solar system must be designed appropriately so that it will generate enough power throughout the year and have enough battery capacity to meet the home’s requirements, even in the depths of winter when there isless sunlight.ed
These self-sustainable systems can work independently and do not rely on the grid. They generate enough power that can be stored and used at night or when the power grid is down.These are ideal for remote areas where there is no power access from the grid. Grid failures and shutdowns will not affect your power supply.
HYBRID SOLAR SYSTEM
“If you don’t have reliable grid, then Off-grid Solar Power Plant is recommend for you. But if you also want to export to Govt. Grid with battery back-up, Hybrid system is best for you.”
Hybrid Solar System or Power Plant is a combination of both above said solar systems.When choosing a type of solar system for home, institute, business or industry, mostly choose either an on grid solar system or an off grid solar system system. But now one more option is available and this is “HYBRID SOLAR SYSTEM”.
A hybrid solar power system is combination of on-grid and off grid solar system, a grid connected system with the ability to feed surplus electricity to electricity grid with include peace of mind with battery backup.It means that even during a power-cut your system will work, you still have electricity. Hybrid combination of solar energy storage with a grid connection. This system provide the flexibility of being able to store the power to batteries you generate during the day time instead of feeding it back into electricity grid.